SODIUM CHLORIDE
 
Sodium chloride also crystallizes in a cubic lattice, but with a different unit cell. (The Na+ are blue and the Cl- are red).
 
 
Click on the unit cell above to view it rotating.
 
 
These stack so:
 
 
Click on the images below to view the NaCl lattice structure rotating.
 
 
horizontal       vertical
 

 

However, the tightly-packed structures make it difficult to view the interior relationships.
 
The same structure, but with the ions moved further apart allows the interior to be viewed.
 
 
Click on the images below to view the open structure rotating.
 
horizontal         vertical
 
 
If we take the NaCl unit cell and remove all the red Cl ions, we are left with only the blue Na. If we compare this with the fcc / ccp unit cell, it is clear that they are identical.     Thus, the Na is in a fcc sublattice.

 

 
 

Since the repetition patterns of Na and Cl are the same in the lattice, the Cl sublattice must also be fcc / ccp.   Recall that there may be more than one way to divide a lattice into unit cells. Although it may not be obvious, the red Cl's represent a different fcc / ccp unit cell.

 
Notice that there are 6 Cl surrounding the Na, and 6 Na around each Cl. We can look at the NaCl as made up of fcc / ccp lattices interpenetrating. The Na's occupy the octahedral sites in the Cl sublattice, and the Cl's occupy the octahedral sites in the Na sublattice.
 
Click here to go to the next page.
 Structure of Crystals
Crystal Lattices
Unit Cells
From Unit Cell to Lattice
From Lattice to Unit Cell
Stoichiometry
Packing & Geometry
Simple Cubic Metals
Close Packed Structures
Body Centered Cubic
Cesium Chloride
Sodium Chloride
Rhenium Oxide
Niobium Oxide
 
 
Except as otherwise noted, all images, movies and VRMLs are owned and copyright  by
Barbara L. Sauls and Frederick C. Sauls  1998.
Contact the owners  for individual permission to use.    blsauls@rs01.kings.edu