After the first Arab-Israeli war, causing a huge problem with many Palestinians becoming refugees, a secret organization of Palestinians called al-Fatah was created in 1958. The leader of this organization was Yasir Arafat and there goal was to undermine Israel From this organization and many other formed Palestinian groups, the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) was formed in 1964 to serve as an umbrella organization for all the different groups of Palestinians which had formed throughout the area. It's first chairman was Ahmed Shukairy followed by Yasser Arafat in 1969. At first the PLO was looked upon as a terrorist organization but throughout the years, the PLO has gained much support and wealth. They have used bordering Arab nations to launch attacks on Israel but the PLO was ultimately driven off the borders and in 1988, the Palestine National Council declared the recognition of the nation of Israel. During the Gulf War, the PLO sided with Iraq, leaving the organization with little support and funding. In 1993, the PLO agreed to negotiate with Israel and the Israeli-Palestinian accord was created and signed which gave the Palestinians self-rule over the Gaza Strip and the West Bank of Israel.